How To Play Texas Hold’em: Rules And Tips You Must Know


Texas Hold’em, often called “Hold’em,” is one of the world’s most famous forms of poker that millions of players worldwide enjoy. It originated in the town of Robstown, Texas, during the early 1900s. Texas Hold’em is well-known for its thrilling gameplay technique and simple rules, which entice new players in droves. In the 1970s, the game earned widespread popularity when it became featured in the World Series of Poker. 

Whether you’re a newbie looking to learn the basics or a skilled player aiming to improve your skills, this detailed guide will deliver the knowledge and various strategies needed to excel at Texas Hold’em. In this article, we will discuss how to play Texas Hold’em and its rules, game setup, details for each betting round, hand rankings, advanced strategies and etiquette of fair play. So, let’s get started! 


Texas Hold’em is played with two to ten players using a standard deck of 52 cards. Its main objective is to make the best five-card hand using two-hole cards dealt to every player and the five community cards on the board. The deck of 52 cards is split into four suits of 13 ranks each. These cards are ranked from highest to lowest. Ace is the highest card, whereas Deuce (2 cards) is the lowest. However, the Ace can be both the highest or lowest, carrying the value of “1” in a low hand.

The Texas Hold’em game is divided into four betting rounds where players bet on their hands and win in two different ways. After finishing all betting rounds, the players reveal their hands, and the player holding the highest-ranked hand wins the game. The second way to win is by forcing all other players to fold their hands. When this happens, the last remaining player wins the pot.

Also Read: How Does Each Way Betting Work (Must Know Advice & Tips)


Texas Hold’em is played with a ‘dealer button’ and ‘blinds’. On each hand, one player has the dealer button in front of them. This button moves one player to the left whenever a hand ends. Hold’em has two blinds: a small blind and a big blind. The game turns on with the two players sitting to the dealer’s left, posting small and big blinds. The small blind is usually half the amount of the big blind. However, the size of the blinds rules the stakes of the games.

Each player is dealt with ‘hole cards.’ These cards are two private cards dealt face down and should always be covered from other players’ view. Five community cards are dealt face-up to set up the ‘board’. Once the blinds are out, the player prepares to deal with them first-hand. The first card is dealt to the player in the small blind position, and the dealing keeps rotating clockwise around the table.

Credits – PokerNews


Let’s take a look at how you play texas hold’em. The betting rounds are pre-flop, flop, turn, and river. After each player carries two-hole cards, the first of four betting rounds occurs.

First Betting Round: Preflop

The first of the four betting rounds is the pre-flop betting round, where a player takes up the first two hole cards. The first player to take action will be seated to the left of the big blind. The first player is in the ‘under the gun’ position as he moves first in taking action. The first player is given three choices to call, raise or fold. After the first player takes a move, the game continues in a clockwise style around the table. The preflop round is over only when the last bet is called, and the action is ‘closed’.  

Second Betting Round: Flop

The second betting round begins, involving only players who have not folded their cards. Three community cards on the table are dealt face-up in this round. If no betting action has occurred beforehand, then the player has one more choice to ‘Check’, along with the options to bet, call, raise and fold.

Third Betting Round: Turn

The fourth community card, the turn, also known as ‘the fourth street’, is dealt face-up following all betting action on the flop. Again, players can check, bet, call, raise and fold.

Final Betting Round: River

River, the fifth community card or fifth street, is dealt coming after all betting action on the turn. This is the final round of the Texas Hold’em Poker, where the community card is finally revealed face-up on the table.  After finishing all the betting actions, the remaining players reveal the hole cards and a winner is selected with the help of the dealer. This is known as the ‘Showdown’. The player with the best five-card combinations wins the pot. 

betting rounds


A player who understands the importance of Poker hands can have fun without any complications in the Texas Hold’em Game. They are ranked as follows, from highest to lowest:

Royal FlushThe first and highest card order of the poker hand ranking. It includes all the high cards, such as Ace, King, Queen, Jack and 10 in the same suit.
Straight FlushThe second highest hand on the list. It has 5 cards in the same suit and sequential order. Sometimes, the decision is based on the High Card if two players make the same poker hands.
Four of a kindFour cards are of the same rank, and the other card is of a different rank. If two players have the same hand, the four aces will hit four Kings, and so on.
Full HouseThis is a colourful hand made up of 3 cards of one rank and two cards of another rank, such as three 8s, two 4s, three aces and two 6s. The player with the higher three hands must be the winner if there’s a tie.
Flush 5 cards of all the same suit but not in a sequence. The High Card will determine the winner if two players make a Flush.
Straight The player has 5 cards in a sequence, but they are not of the same suit. Making consecutive cards of different suits is called straight. A high straight is the biggest straight, and five high straight is the lowest possible straight.
Three of a kind3 cards of the player are of the same value, and the other two are not. The side card decides the winner in case of a tie.
Two Pair2 pairs of cards are of the same rank, and one card is different. The second pair decides the winner if two players have the same pair.
One PairThe player has two cards of the same rank and value, and the other three cards are in no given sequence.
High CardThis is the lowest-ranking combination in the Texas Hold’em. It has an ace as the highest and seven as the lowest.


Credits – Poker Magnet

Given below are all the possible actions that players can take on each betting round of a poker hand:

In fold, if players are not satisfied, they throw their hands away. It means if they fold their hole cards, they can no longer act until the hand is completed.

Checking means refusing to bet while committing the right to bet later. When there is no bet in front of a player, they check and pass it to another player without placing any poker chips in the middle.

Calling stands for paying the amount of the big blind for a bet to have a look at the first community cards. It matches the amount of the big blind.

In betting, players wager money into the pot. It stands for taking action and placing money in the middle when no one has wagered before you.

In raising, the player increases the amount of money in the pot within specific limits of the game. It usually depends on the betting structure.


Delving into advanced strategies at Texas Hold’em can greatly boost your game. It’s important to remember that mastering these strategies requires time and effort. Here are some essential areas to explore:

Hand Selection Refinement:

Players should move beyond basic starting hand charts and analyse factors like table dynamics, stack sizes and opponents’ tendencies. They should use tools like hand strength against the field and pot odds calculators.

Reading Opponents:

Players should pay close attention to their opponent’s betting patterns, table talk and body language to interpret their hand strengths and intentions. If the opponent draws no card, it means they have a strong hand, like a full house or four-of-a-kind.

Positional Awareness:

Players’ position strongly influences their strategies at the table. Early positions are less beneficial due to the absence of information about other players’ actions. However, being in a late position can be helpful, as players have more knowledge and understanding about their actions before finalising any decisions.

Bet Sizing And Continuation Betting:

Players should learn various bet sizes for value bets, bluffs and semi-bluffs. They should master balancing ranges with larger and smaller stakes depending on the situation. Players should use continuation bets on the flop to handle the pot and extract value from hands that might call.

Understand Pot Odds And Implied Odds:

Players need to understand pot odds and implied odds, which can assist them in making knowledgeable decisions about whether to call, raise or fold in various situations. Pot odds indicate the ratio of the current pot size to the amount needed to reach a bet, whereas implied odds consider the potential winnings in coming betting rounds if you hit your hand.

Also Read: 5 Card Poker Rules For Beginners You Must Know In 2024


Experiencing fun in a game is only possible by maintaining good etiquette and upholding fair play. Here are some points to remember while playing at Texas Hold’em:


  • Respect all players and avoid aggressive behaviour.
  • Minimise table talk, as excessive table talk can slow down the game and distract other players.
  • Be responsible with Chip Stacks and keep them organised. 
  • Pay attention to the action at the table, and avoid using distracting objects like cell phones.
  • Win with dignity and lose with grace. Always congratulate winners and admit losses in good spirits.
etiquettes dos and donts
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Fair Play:


Texas hold’em is a fun and exciting game that players of all skill levels can enjoy. Remember to play only with strong hands and be aware of your positions at the table. This guide covers all the fundamental rules, from game setup to advanced strategies. Master the proven strategies shared here first, then build on those with boosting skills, taking your game to the highest level. Need more guidance? Stay tuned with us!

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